In order to establish the crime of robbery at trial, the prosecutor must prove the following elements beyond a reasonable doubt:
- the accused used force, violence, or placed the victim in fear;
- the accused did so while in the commission of a larceny; and
- the victim was present during the commission of the larceny.
In order to establish armed robbery, an added fourth element is that while the accused was in the commission of the larceny, he or she was in the possession of a weapon, or an implement that could be used as a weapon, and that the accused stated orally to the victim or implied through gestures that a weapon was present.